We all know about the Three Kings who visited Jesus in the stable, don’t we? They’re in all the Nativity sets, on Christmas cards and we sing happily about them. We even know their names: Caspar, Melchior and Balthazar. So, that’s that – ok? Not quite.
Let’s look at what the Bible actually says about them. The only gospel to mention them is Matthew. He says ‘Lo three kings/wise men/magi, called Caspar, Melchior and Balthazar turned up that very same night. They arrived right after the shepherds and entered the stable where the baby Jesus had just been born.’ – Hmmm, does it really? Let’s take a quick look – the version below is from a paraphrase of the Bible called The Message. It makes the words come alive in a very relevant, up-to-the-minute way. [My emphases in bold italics]
Matthew 2:1-12The Message (MSG)
Scholars from the East
2 1-2 After Jesus was born in Bethlehem village, Judah territory— this was during Herod’s kingship—a band of scholars arrived in Jerusalem from the East. They asked around, “Where can we find and pay homage to the newborn King of the Jews? We observed a star in the eastern sky that signaled his birth. We’re on pilgrimage to worship him.”
3-4 When word of their inquiry got to Herod, he was terrified—and not Herod alone, but most of Jerusalem as well. Herod lost no time. He gathered all the high priests and religion scholars in the city together and asked, “Where is the Messiah supposed to be born?”
5-6 They told him, “Bethlehem, Judah territory. The prophet Micah wrote it plainly:
It’s you, Bethlehem, in Judah’s land,
no longer bringing up the rear.
From you will come the leader
who will shepherd-rule my people, my Israel.”
7-8 Herod then arranged a secret meeting with the scholars from the East. Pretending to be as devout as they were, he got them to tell him exactly when the birth-announcement star appeared. Then he told them the prophecy about Bethlehem, and said, “Go find this child. Leave no stone unturned. As soon as you find him, send word and I’ll join you at once in your worship.”
9-10 Instructed by the king, they set off. Then the star appeared again, the same star they had seen in the eastern skies. It led them on until it hovered over the place of the child. They could hardly contain themselves: They were in the right place! They had arrived at the right time!
11 They entered the house and saw the child in the arms of Mary, his mother. Overcome, they kneeled and worshiped him. Then they opened their luggage and presented gifts: gold, frankincense, myrrh.
12 In a dream, they were warned not to report back to Herod. So they worked out another route, left the territory without being seen, and returned to their own country.
Not quite what happens in the school Nativity play, is it? No mention of there being three. Who says six might have brought gold, two frankincense and 37 myrrh? [If there were 45, I hope Mary had enough clean cups and saucers in her HOUSE for them all]. Yup, it doesn’t mention them going to a stable, or seeing a baby – it talks about seeing a CHILD in a HOUSE. (https://answersingenesis.org/holidays/christmas/we-three-kings/)
They were definitely men of learning. They were certainly men of great learning. The word Magi comes from the greek word ‘magos’ (where the english word ‘magic’ comes from). Magos itself comes from the old persian word ‘Magupati’. (https://www.whychristmas.com/story/wisemen.shtml)
Chances are, they looked a bit like this – no cardboard crowns in sight! So, whoever these wise, definitely wealthy and learned men were [sorry, ladies – the Bible is clear on that point, they WERE men!] their story has somehow turned into our well-known ‘We Three Kings’. They saw a star, they knew it meant the birth of a king, and they came to worship the King of kings. Wise men indeed. And they have given us some nice shiny costumes for the annual play – not to mention some lovely Christmas stamps. Have a happy, blessed Christmas and a great 2018.
For more about the history of Magi and what the Bible says, try this page: http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/holidays/christmas/magi-wise-men-or-kings-its-complicated.html