Quite a lot, as it happens.
For instance, did you know that the infamous Roman Emperor Caligula was really called Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus? Caligula actually means ‘Little Boots’ or ‘Booties’!
I kid you not – unless the Encyclopaedia Britannica also lies:
So, the dreaded emperor Little Boots!
[Picture from Encyclopaedia Britannica]
Who else then? Well, having not long returned from Uzbekistan, I have been told rather a lot about Tamburlaine. We were shown statues of him, palaces and fortifications associated with him, and also told that his name was NOT Tamburlaine!
The great hero of Uzbek history was called Temur, or, to be correct, the Amir Temur. He was a son-in-law of Genghis Khan but before coming to power must have been a Very Naughty Boy. [Yes, that was in my best Monty Python voice]
When he was about 12, our esteemed tour manager Sanjar informed us, Temur decided to go with some of his mates to steal sheep. The shepherd managed to stab him in the leg and he walked with a limp ever after. This led to his rather derogatory nickname Temur-e-Lang, or Lame Temur.
So, what else? Well, in the Bible, names are extremely important. As Gabriel said to Mary ‘You shall name Him Jesus, for He shall save his people from their sins.’ [Matthew 1.21] His name was, actually, closer to Yehoshua, which is the equivalent of Joshua meaning The Lord Saves. Yes, His name is very important and apt.
One last thing while I am on this theme, for an amazing revelation about Biblical names, click this link:
It gives the meanings of the names from Adam to Noah; I’d love to hear what you think.